A true Brazilian music giant, Jamelao stands tall in the evolution of samba. Rio-based, his career spans across seven decades during which he was a fixture of the annual carnival parade. Introduced by a nightclub owner in the 1940s' as 'Jamelao' (a sweet-tasting fruit with a dark skin), the name stuck, and in 1947 he was appointed the primary singer of the Rio's premier samba school of Mangueira. He recorded two dozen-LPs and many samba classics. When he died aged 95, in 2008, Rio's governor declared three days of mourning.